Are you just entering the world of painting? If so, welcome! It might feel intimidating at first with all the new materials (painting comes with a LOT of paraphernalia!) and concepts. Do not be discouraged however, I hope this guide will help you to lay some groundwork in how to approach this new medium.
Do not allow yourself to get overwhelmed
I can’t tell you how many times I see students get overwhelmed after just the first day of class. Painting is hard! However, it is completely natural to feel distressed about all the new information bombarding you. Every new endeavor that is entered is at least a little overwhelming. The important thing to keep in mind is that it will take time to absorb all of the new concepts.
In time, the various concepts will become so imbedded in your mind that it will feel natural instead of overwhelming. So, whenever you feel distressed, just take a deep breath and give yourself some time to absorb the information.
Find yourself a good oil painting teacher
It is best to find yourself a good teacher. Try to search for oil painting classes in your area. There might possibly be a workshop happening by a painter who is traveling through your area. If you cannot find a good oil painting class or are not in a place currently to afford one then searching online is the next best option.
If online is your only option I highly recommend studying the works of great painters. Velazquez, Vermeer, Piero della Francesca… Make the great masters your teachers and do as many studies as you can of these their paintings, you will learn a lot! When using google arts and culture you can find very high resolution images that are excellent for study!
Create a consistent painting schedule
It is important to dedicate at least a day every week for oil painting. That way, you will be able to create consistency and build on top of what you are learning. If you can set aside more time in the week to paint that is of course even better. Like everything however, the most important thing consistency. Do not go all out and paint 30 hours the first week and then stop completely. It is much better to start slow and paint once a week then to quit after doing a weeklong 30 hour sprint.
Gather your painting materials!
This one might be an obvious one, but you cannot start painting without paint and all the required tools. One aspect of painting (whether you like it or not) is that it requires a lot of materials. Before you go all out and get every color there is, start with a limited palette. This palette will consist of white, yellow ochre, ultramarine blue, burnt umber, and cadmium red. Having a limited palette will take away some overwhelm and let you focus more on value than color.
Value is the most important element you should pay attention to when learning to paint. If your colors are completely off, but your values are correct then your painting will hold. However, if your colors are absolutely fabulous but your values are not right, then your painting will not work. That is all to say that a limited palette will help you focus on value instead of color as you learn to paint.
There are so many easels out on the market! This in itself might be a little overwhelming for you. First, ask yourself if you want to paint plein air or mostly in studio. This will help you decide which type of easel you need – a plein air easel or studio easel. If you want to do both you can find easels that will do both! Refer to ”The Ultimate Easel Guide” for more information.
Make lots of starts and Get yourself plenty of paint and big brushes
One of the most important things you can do for your learning process is to make a lot of starts. It does not do you any good to try to ‘finish’ a painting by going well past the point of having no idea what you are doing. Making lots of starts will accelerate your learning as you are intensely working on how to initially start a painting. When you have this stage under your belt you will be able to move further and create more complete paintings.
A big mistake many beginning painters make is not using enough paint. You will learn much more quickly by using a lot of paint and big brushes. Using large brushes prevent you from becoming too detailed and rather focus on the big picture of what you are working on.